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Page updated Jun 6, 2024

Configure AWS for local development

Note: If you already have an AWS account and profile configured locally, you do not need to follow this guide. Please add theAmplifyBackendDeployFullAccess IAM role to your configured AWS profile.

This guide will help you set up Temporary credentials with IAM Identity Center and AWS Organizations, which will enable you to define Single-sign on (SSO), users, groups, permission sets, and more for your team. AWS Organizations can grow to house multiple AWS accounts. Users within the organization can traverse the AWS account(s) as their permission set allows.

Amplify leverages the standard local credentials chain provider to simplify access to AWS services. While this guide highlights IAM Identity Center, you can explore additional methods for authenticating with AWS locally.

IAM Identity Center terminology

IAM Identity Center enables users to sign in using a single user identity to access all their assigned AWS accounts, business applications, and custom applications in the AWS Cloud. This single sign-on capability reduces the complexity of managing multiple credentials and improves security by centralizing user authentication.

Users

Users refers to the location where user identities and group information are stored and managed. IAM Identity Center can integrate with external identity sources like Microsoft Active Directory or use a built-in identity store provided by AWS.

Permission Set

A collection of permissions that can be assigned to users or groups. Permission sets define what actions users are allowed to perform in your AWS accounts. They are similar to IAM policies but are used within the context of IAM Identity Center to manage access across multiple accounts.

AWS Organization

AWS Organizations and IAM Identity Center work together to streamline management across multiple AWS accounts. AWS Organizations manages account structures and policies, while IAM Identity Center integrates with it to enable single sign-on and align permissions with organizational roles. This synergy ensures secure and consistent access control, simplifying user and permission management.

Local Profiles

Credentials are typically resolved through the use of AWS profiles. Profiles can contain permanent credentials or SSO metadata, and can be set for use with Amplify by using the same techniques as the AWS CLI:

  • with the --profile flag
  • with the AWS_PROFILE environment variable

Temporary credentials

An alternative to permanent credentials, enable you to define permissions for a session. Sessions are created when you assume an IAM role or sign in using AWS IAM Identity Center. These sessions come with an additional "session token" that is used to validate the temporary credentials and must be included on requests to AWS. As you are working locally, this will be presented as an additional environment variable.

You can use temporary security credentials to make programmatic requests for AWS resources using the AWS CLI or AWS API (through the AWS SDKs). The temporary credentials provide the same permissions as long-term security credentials, such as IAM user credentials. However, there are a few differences, which are covered in the AWS Identity and Access Management documentation.

Set up Identity Center

Follow the steps below if you have never set up AWS profiles before. If you already have a profile, attach the AmplifyBackendDeployFullAccess managed policy to your IAM user.

1. Create user with Amplify permissions

Sign in to the AWS Console to access IAM Identity Center page and choose Enable.

AWS IAM Identity Center page indicating the "enable" button.

A dialog will open, prompting you to "Choose how to configure IAM Identity Center in your AWS environment." Select Enable with AWS Organizations and choose Continue.

AWS IAM Identity Center enable dialog with AWS Organizations, indicating to "continue".

Next, we are going to automate a number of steps that simulate the operations of setting up a user in the IAM Identity Center console. To get started open CloudShell, located in the console footer.

Paste the following command in the CloudShell terminal and enter an email address you would like to associate with this AWS account:

CloudShell
read -p "Enter email address: " user_email # hit enter
Enter email address: <your-email-address>

Now, run the following command

CloudShell
response=$(aws sso-admin list-instances)
ssoId=$(echo $response | jq '.Instances[0].IdentityStoreId' -r)
ssoArn=$(echo $response | jq '.Instances[0].InstanceArn' -r)
email_json=$(jq -n --arg email "$user_email" '{"Type":"Work","Value":$email}')
response=$(aws identitystore create-user --identity-store-id $ssoId --user-name amplify-admin --display-name 'Amplify Admin' --name Formatted=string,FamilyName=Admin,GivenName=Amplify --emails "$email_json")
userId=$(echo $response | jq '.UserId' -r)
response=$(aws sso-admin create-permission-set --name amplify-policy --instance-arn=$ssoArn --session-duration PT12H)
permissionSetArn=$(echo $response | jq '.PermissionSet.PermissionSetArn' -r)
aws sso-admin attach-managed-policy-to-permission-set --instance-arn $ssoArn --permission-set-arn $permissionSetArn --managed-policy-arn arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AmplifyBackendDeployFullAccess
accountId=$(aws sts get-caller-identity | jq '.Account' -r)
aws sso-admin create-account-assignment --instance-arn $ssoArn --target-id $accountId --target-type AWS_ACCOUNT --permission-set-arn $permissionSetArn --principal-type USER --principal-id $userId
# Hit enter

To validate that this worked, run the following command in the CloudShell. If something failed in this process, please report an issue. Keep this information readily available for the next step.

CloudShell
printf "\n\nStart session url: https://$ssoId.awsapps.com/start\nRegion: $AWS_REGION\nUsername: amplify-admin\n\n"
# you should see
Start session url: https://d-XXXXXXXXXX.awsapps.com/start
Region: us-east-1
Username: amplify-admin
A step-by-step walkthrough in the console
Prefer a manual set up?
  • After the AWS Organization is created and IAM Identity Center is enabled, you are presented with a dashboard. In the navigation pane, select Permission sets.

    AWS IAM Identity Center dashboard indicating "permission sets" in the navigation pane.

  • Select Create permission set.

  • When prompted for the permission set type, choose Custom permission set. Then choose Next. Expand AWS Managed Policies (set) and search for amplify. Select AmplifyBackendDeployFullAccess and choose Next.

    AWS IAM Identity Center custom permission set page with the "AmplifyBackendDeployFullAccess" AWS managed policy selected.

  • Name the permission set amplify-policy and optionally change the session duration. Choose Next.

    AWS IAM Identity Center custom permission set details page with the name "AmplifySet".

  • Review the permission set and choose Create.

  • Once the permission set is created, you will return to the IAM Identity Center dashboard. You are now ready to create your first user. Using the navigation pane, select Users.

  • Enter the user details, then choose Next.

    AWS IAM Identity Center user creation with the username "amplify-admin".

  • Optionally create and add the user to a group, and choose Next.

  • Review the user information and select Add user. The user will then need to verify their email using the email specified during user creation.

  • Once the new user is created, you will return to the IAM Identity Center dashboard. The next step is to grant the user access to an AWS account. For this demo, we will use the AWS account we used to create the Organization, but you can create a new AWS account under your organization for use with Amplify. Select the checkbox next to the management account and choose Assign users or groups.

    AWS IAM Identity Center "AWS accounts" page with the management account checked.

  • When prompted to assign a user or group, select the Users tab, select the user created in step 13, and choose Next.

    AWS IAM Identity Center "AWS accounts" page assigning "amplify-admin" to the management AWS account

  • Assign the permission set created in step 9 and choose Next.

  • Review the assignment information and choose Submit.

  • Now you are ready to sign in to the access portal. Navigate back to the IAM Identity Center dashboard. Within the Settings summary pane, copy the URL for your AWS access portal URL.

    AWS IAM Identity Center dashboard highlighting the AWS access portal URL.

  • Navigate to the copied URL and sign in as your user, amplify-admin. After signing in, you should have access to an AWS account.

    AWS IAM Identity Center access portal displaying an AWS account.

2. Create password for user

Now create a password for the user that we need for the next step. In the IdC console, navigate to Users > amplify_admin > Reset password > Send an email to the user with instructions for resetting the password.

Check your email (make sure you also check your spam folder). Click on the Reset password link and choose a password of your choice. When signing in make sure to use amplify-admin as the Username.

AWS IAM Identity Center password reset.

Finish local setup

Now, set up an AWS profile that is linked to the user you just created on your local machine. There are a few options for getting IAM Identity Center user credentials, but we will use the AWS CLI configuration wizard.

3. Install the AWS CLI

Install the AWS CLI.

In your browser, download the macOS pkg file:

Install on Mac

In your browser, Download and run the AWS CLI MSI installer for Windows (64-bit):

Install on Windows

curl "https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-x86_64.zip" -o "awscliv2.zip"
unzip awscliv2.zip
./aws/install -i /usr/local/aws-cli -b /usr/local/bin

4. Set up local AWS profile

Open your terminal, you are ready to configure an AWS profile that uses the SSO user. Use the information from CloudShell to populate the information below.

Terminal
aws configure sso
| SSO session name (Recommended): amplify-admin
| SSO start URL: <START SESSION URL>
| SSO region: <YOUR START SESSION URL>
| SSO registration scopes [sso:account:access]: <leave blank>
| Attempting to automatically open the SSO authorization page in your default browser.
| If the browser does not open or you wish to use a different device to authorize this request, open the following URL:
|
| https://device.sso.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/
|
| Then enter the code:
|
| SOME-CODE
## browser opens

After you provide this information, the browser will automatically open asking you to sign in with the username and password you just created and configure a multi-factor device to authenticate.

Now return to the terminal and enter the following information:

Terminal
The only AWS account available to you is: <your-aws-account-id>
Using the account ID <your-aws-account-id>
The only role available to you is: amplify-policy
Using the role name "amplify-policy"
CLI default client Region [us-east-1]: <your-region>
CLI default output format [None]:

Make sure to set the profile name to default. Alternatively, remember the auto-generated profile name; you will need this later.

Terminal
CLI profile name [amplify-policy-<your-aws-account-id>]: default
To use this profile, specify the profile name using --profile, as shown:
aws s3 ls --profile default

If you inspect ~/.aws/config, you should now see the SSO profile:

~/.aws/config
[profile default]
sso_session = amplify-admin
sso_account_id = <your-aws-account-id>
sso_role_name = AdministratorAccess
region = <your-region>
[sso-session amplify-admin]
sso_start_url = https://xxxxxx.awsapps.com/start#
sso_region = <your-region>
sso_registration_scopes = sso:account:access

5. Bootstrap your AWS account

Now you are ready to use this AWS profile with AWS Amplify. Open your Amplify project and start the sandbox. If you have multiple local profiles or named your profile something other than default, you can specify a profile with --profile.

Terminal
npx ampx sandbox
# OR
npx ampx sandbox --profile <profile-name>

Before you can start deploying resources in the cloud sandbox environment, Amplify will need to complete a one-time bootstrap setup for the account and AWS Region before it can start deploying resources.

Learn more
What is bootstrapping?

Bootstrapping is the process of provisioning resources for the AWS CDK before you can deploy AWS CDK apps into an AWS environment. These resources include an Amazon S3 bucket for storing files and IAM roles that grant permissions needed to perform deployments. The required resources are defined in an AWS CloudFormation stack, called the bootstrap stack, which is usually named CDKToolkit. Like any AWS CloudFormation stack, it appears in the AWS CloudFormation console once it is deployed. You can learn more about this process in the CDK documentation.

Bootstrap status message indicating that the given Region has not been bootstrapped and that the user needs to sign in to the console and re-run the npx ampx sandbox command to complete the bootstrap process.

During the first-time setup, npx ampx sandbox will ask you to sign in to the AWS Management Console. You must sign in as the account root user or as a user that has AdministratorAccess. Once signed in, you will be redirected to the Amplify console. On the Create new app page, choose Initialize setup now. It may take a few minutes for the bootstrapping process to complete.

Create new app page in Amplify console with the Initialize setup now button.

Success

You have successfully completed the bootstrapping process and you can now return to the terminal to create a new Amplify sandbox environment:

npx ampx sandbox --profile <value>